Using Twitter in the Classroom to Facilitate Discussion

Using Twitter to Enhance Discussion in the Composition Classroom

I started with Twitter in the spring semester of 2012. I invited students to create accounts so that we could use them along with classroom discussion. We talked about privacy and potential problems with going public with writing, and I told the students that they might have a good reason for not wanting to use social media. One student shared a horrific story of Facebook identity theft and harassment. I also noted that I sometimes consider abandoning my online life, and that I’d enthusiastically support any student who wanted to skip the social media component of the class. We all, I thought, would benefit from some powerful voices warning about the dangers of being too digitally connected.

Twitter, NCTE, discussion, social media, pedagogy

Even though I was worried that there would be students who would see my offer as a way to get out of some of the classwork, all of my students signed up for Twitter.  I think there were less than five who already had an account.  One or two of the students had internships during which it was their primary job to Tweet and write Facebook posts.

Here was my starting place: in addition to doing our regular, go around the room, sharing to begin each class session, the students would also Tweet a highlight of what they planned to say.  So the idea was that students would listen to the one or two students who talked AND at the same time, Tweet comments to the class or as a “reply” to one particular student.  I thought of this as a kind of transparent note-taking process.  It used to be I’d write down golden lines of something someone said or jot down a question I had for later, but with Twitter, these notes could instantly be put up on the screen for everyone to see.  Maybe we’d see from the Tweets that many writers were gravitating toward the same lines from our reading, or that the writers in the class had some of the same sorts of questions. For example, if more than one student didn’t understand what I meant when I said student work should strive for “intellectual ambition,” perhaps our discussion could dig in on that feature of my expectations for their work.

In the coming blog posts, I’ll share how my idea worked, what I learned, and what I plan to do differently in the Fall of 2012. If you’ve used digital texts in the classroom, I hope you’ll join in the conversation.  Have you thought about how social media might impact classroom communities? Have you used Twitter in your classroom? If this article interested you, I hope you’ll consider signing up for periodic updates by typing your email in the upper left hand corner of this page.  Thanks!

 

What are you working on? Discussion in the Writing Classroom

In the writing classrooms where I teach, we often sit in a circle and do a “quick share” to begin class where everyone offers a brief comment. Examples of what students might say include a golden line from a reading, a question for our fellow writers, or an observation about a project in progress they are working on. Beginning in this way helps me to avoid talking too much to start off the class, and I hope to encourage students who might otherwise just sit back and relax to try and engage actively with the activity of the course.

William Torgerson teaching writing research composition discussion college

the challenge of conversation

 

Even trying for rapid-fire sharing around the room, with up to twenty-five students, writers can get bored, feel left out, or be uncomfortable enough talking in front of a group that they don’t speak in a way that the students in the class can hear them.  Even if a student speaks two minutes out of fifty, that’s not much engagement or opportunity to be heard. In considering this problem, I’m taken back to my days as a basketball coach. I was always looking for ways to maximize our practice time and the opportunities each player had to improve. For example, if I were to put fifteen players in a line and have them shoot, get their own rebound, and then pass to the next player, then each player might get three shots in ten minutes.  This isn’t helping anyone very much and to my way of thinking, not so different than a student in a writing class who only gets to be heard once or twice. So what to do?

As a teacher, I often go back to my time as an athlete and then a coach. For me, developing as a writer has a lot in common with my development as a shooter of the basketball or training for a long run.  When I coached and wanted to get my players more practice, I arranged shooters into five lines of three, and all of the sudden each player got five times the amount of practice than if they were in one big-long line. The classroom version of this basketball solution would be to make use of small groups. Theoretically, a student in a small group has more opportunity to join a conversation about their reading and writing. However, I’ve been in small groups as a student and now as a faculty member, and I’m often not impressed with the sort of work that gets done. There’s often a lot of noise, but it doesn’t often seem to be the noise of conversation about reading and writing. If you want students (or faculty) to work in small groups, then there has to be a plan for how this conversation can flourish.  As someone who was beginning to get more and more interested in Twitter, I wondered about the possibility of using it to enhance classroom conversation.  More on that experiment in coming posts, and if you’ve got your own ideas about classroom discussion or the use of small groups, I’d love to hear them!

Teaching Summer Composition: WordPress Blogs in the Writing/English Classroom

Worth reading: WordPress Blogs IN DEPTH by Bud Smith and Michael McCallister

If anyone has suggestions, I’d love to hear what you think about the following plan:  this summer, for the two sections of composition I’m teaching, I plan to start my own Prof. Torg WordPress blog and have each student writer create a blog of their own.  I’ll have a blog roll (or list of links/same thing?) running down the right edge of my webpage, and all the writers in the class will find each other’s work in that way.  It will be up to each individual student whether or not they want to make their blog public.  I’m leaning towards keeping mine private at first to be safe, but I’d prefer to have it public.

Here’s a list of the main reasons I’m doing this:

  • Each writer has quite a bit of ability in WordPress to customize their own page.
  • Each writer can “tag” or “categorize” their posts.
  • Writers can be referred to other blogs of similar tags or categories.
  • Students will have an authentic audience of each other and if they so choose, an even broader one online.

Page Customization:

There are 99 or so various themes that a person can choose when they set up a WordPress blog.  This seems fun to me, sort of like setting up my office, maybe thinking about the sort of clothes that will define my style, or customizing my character when I play Wii Rock Band.  Last semester, I used NING in conjunction with my course, and there was some capability for each student to make the page look like they wanted it to.  I didn’t even realize this possibility as I started the semester of teaching, but many of my students found their way to this option and did it all on their own.  This seems in tune with what drives people to set up their phones or choose something different for the background on their computers, and exactly the opposite of how many classrooms are set up.  They are set up vanilla; the WordPress blog can be Rocky Road.

I haven’t set down all my philosophical reasons for this, but we all write better, or at least class and the reading we do is more interesting, when we get to know one another.  Some people are great at getting to know people face to face.  Some people can rise up out of a classroom like a whale jumping from the ocean and get noticed.  Others are more quiet, practically invisible, but online they can show their stuff, create a presence on a webpage they don’t create in face-to-face classroom situations.

There’s more to page customization, and I’m just learning about all the possibilities:  various widgets, customized headers, and ways to link to Facebook and Twitter.  When I earned an M.F.A. in creative writing from Georgia College and State University, I used to have this professor, Dr. Dan Bauer, who was always asking us how we knew we were smart or how our students were becoming smarter.  He was very proud that one of his students who was teaching composition answered his question by saying that her students were smart because they realized that writers make choices and they were becoming more aware of all the choices they could make.   I think customizing a WordPress blog has a lot in common with thinking about how one might open a piece of writing.  There are lots of choices and one of the first steps to gaining an audience is to realize that these choices exist.  Otherwise you’re stuck with that typical opening:  In this world today, there are many problems…

Tags and Categories

On WordPress, the blogger has the option to tag their post, which means they are asked to choose keywords that relate to what they’ve just written.  This is good for at least two things.  First, it’s helpful for the writer to think about the key points that they think they are going to write about.  Perhaps the “tag” is a descendant of the topic sentence or the thesis statement.  It’s also sort of psychologically interesting to review one’s tags, to see that when you have the choice to write about anything, what is it that you choose.  There’s also this widget called “Tag Cloud” which will display your key words and make the ones you use the most the largest.  It’s a bit disturbing to me to see that “colonoscopy” still looms large in my tag cloud.

The tags work another way too, perhaps my favorite way.  They give the writers in my class practice at thinking about search words.  Even more than that, I hope that each time my students come to class, the notion of search words is raised in their consciousness.  I watch students all the time try and search a database or even Google, only to give up quickly because they can’t “find any good information.”  What they can’t see, is all the times I’ve tried to search in a database only to have to start over using different keywords.  The less I know about what I’m researching, the more I stink at knowing what words to put in.  That’s when I have to do some reading, so I can learn some important words within the field, so that I can return to the search windows with better words to plug in there.  As my students move from writing and tagging their own posts, to doing research, I hope that this tagging experience will help them move more confidently into using the same kinds of words to find other writers who write about their burgeoning intellectual interests.

Conversation Among Bloggers

There’s something in WordPress called “Tag Surfer.”  For example, I’ve got this novel coming out next January tightly connected to eighties romantic comedies, and I could type in “Cusack” and “Say Anything,” and be presented with a bunch of recent blog posts related to those to tag words.  If I’ve got something to say about Cusack or a John Hughes’s movie, I’m not the only person in the world who has thoughts on the subject.  WordPress can in no time give a literal example of what I find very difficult to teach my students.  If someone is writing about moving from Korea to Queens, NY, they are not the only one writing on this topic, and the databases are even full of scholarly articles related to the subject.  It’s not as easy for me to show this in a database as it is to show it on WordPress.  Also it’s probably not as initially interesting to my students.  On WordPress, the students can quickly experience the conversation that surrounds whatever it is that they’re interested in and then we can all take that experience into the databases when it comes time to do our work in there.  When I ask the writers in my classes who else is writing about their topic, or who the major voices in their field of study are, we can all look back to our WordPress blogging experiences as a foundation for which to understand our scholarly research.  Our use of WordPress can help our understanding of the meaning of a phrase such as “professional conversation.”

Audience

Audience is a quick teacher.  It’s that magic weight-loss pill that so many people seem to be looking for.  My students’ writing instantly changes once they realize that their texts are going to–at the least–be read by a writing group in class and not just me.  It’s easy to flip me, the professor, a last-second text and not care if it’s any good or not.  This is not so easy for the students to do to one another.  In general, they don’t want to bore each other.  I am not trying to embarrass anyone; I am trying to put them in conversation with one another.  Students generally think they stink at writing (something they have been taught by teachers I call “-5 sentence fragment” teachers) and so they are at first scared to share, but then also happy to see that nobody else’s writing (especially mine) is perfect.  I don’t even address anyone’s fears about sharing in a group.  I ask students to read their work; I give them the option of somebody else reading their work if they don’t’ want to, and the writing gets read and heard.

Just last night, my wife was compiling her first ever post for her new blog Vegan Mom.  She was deep in concentration, probably irritated that I wouldn’t shut up, and suddenly remarked, “I don’t think I have this in the right order.”  I’d never heard her say anything like this.  My wife certainly does not think of herself as a writer, but she’s written lots of papers for her masters in reading ,and there all of the sudden,  she was making an observation that doesn’t come up very naturally in the classes I teach.  She was making an observation about structure.  What does my reader need to know when?  Not long after her first comment, she said, “This is boring.  I need to put some personality in there.”  Her teacher, if that’s the right word, was that she had an audience, the one she knew waited for her when she hit the WordPress “publish” button.

I first started to think hard about audience when I realized how much I learned from reading the work of my students.  I let them write about whatever they want and so they often to choose to write about where they are from or a topic within their academic major.  Since my students come from all over the world and they’re in the pharmacy program, the physician’s assistant program,  a history major, or business management, they teach me a lot about their interests.  One of the criteria I push students towards, one I have not always stuck to very tightly in my blogging life, is that a reader ought to learn something each time they turn the page.  My students often execute this very well, and so I know a lot more after I finish reading a stack of student writing than I did before I started.  It used to be that I was the only one who benefited from this.  Now my students are part of each others’ education.  Before, they just shared space.  My classroom has become a place where students might make friends.

Conclusion

Perhaps I don’t need to start a new Prof. Torg blog and there is a way that I could manage my summer classes with this one.  Possibly WordPress doesn’t appreciate me having twenty-five or so students putting up blogs, blogs that might die along with the end of the course.   Surely this happens all the time?  I anticipate others having objections related to making someone blog, to abuse the genre in that way.  I guess I’ll find out.  It’s here that I trust conversation, and this time, in a new way within the blogging world and in Facebook and Twitter where these words go first.  I know that I could spend a long time researching all this, but so far, if I can keep from embarrassing myself to much, I like to speak into the world I’m trying to become familiar with.  So here I am now, explaining a plan for my summer teaching, pretty sure that I’m going to hear back from people with various niches of expertise.

Bill Torgerson, Assistant Professor, Institute For Writing Studies, St. John’s University, torgersw@stjohns.edu